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AUTOMATIC GAS BASED FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM

Earlier halon gas was one of the most successful fire fighting agents used for Automatic Fire Fighting across the world to manage fire safety for vehicles, machinery, computer and server rooms, aircrafts, ships, medical facilities and other critical areas. But with the banning of this chemical due to its extremely high ozone depleting potential (ODP) – Halon has become obsolete for fire system and fire protection system designs all over the world. 

Currently most popular Automatic Fire Fighting Agent being used is known as FM200 gas (chemical name :  1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) which is used to design gas suppression system forming an important part of the fire fighting system for buildings.

An FM200 system (as it is commonly known as) is the ideal choice for clean room facilities – the FM200 gas is a colourless gas that doesnot block visibility of people working in the facility and extinguishes the fire without leaving behind any residue. As such, it is a suggested solution to be incorporated in fire fighting system design alongwith fire detection system to form an efficient gas based automatic fire suppression sytem for the fire safety of your critical areas including server rooms, electrical rooms, UPS rooms, medical surgery rooms, aircrafts, ships, cnc and other sensitive machinery and testing apparatus, data and record rooms, Art galleries and transformer rooms.  An FM200 system is named after itself by the company designing the fire safety system for a building. Various FM200 systems available in the world include Ansul system, Fike system, Dupont system, Concept fire system.

In general, Gas Suppression Systems, are based on two principles: 
1) The Total Flooding Principle: In this, the Gas Suppression System is used in an enclosed room/area. The complete area is filled with/ flooded with the gas based fire fighting agent to kill the fire hiding at any place of the complete area.

2) The Local Application Principle:  According to this, the Gas Suppression System is directly applied to the fire, immediately on the fire affected area. 
IMPACT Fire (IF&S) designs, installs and provides maintenance for various types of gas flooding and fire suppression systems for fire protection of critical areas depending on the need and budget of the customer. These include the :

  1. FM200 system
  2. Nitrogen gas system
  3. Argon Clean Agent system
  4. Novec 1230 systems
  5. FE-13 Clean Agent system
  6. Carbon Dioxide Clean Agent system
  7. Firetrace type (flexible tubing based) system
  8. Water Mist Fire  Suppression System

 FEATURES OF CURRENTLY AVAILABLE GAS SUPPRESSION AGENTS


Parameters\Gas
Argon Clean Agent Systems FM 200 Clean Agent Systems Novec 1230 Clean Agent Systems or Novec Fire Extinguishing FE-13 Clean Agent Systems Carbon Dioxide Clean Agent Systems
Safe For Humans Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Non-Corrosive Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Toxic By-Products None None None None None
Time To Discharge Nil Nil Nil Nil Nil
Banned No No No No No
Fire Class A Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fire Class B Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fire Class C Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Total Flooding Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Local Application Yes No No Yes Yes
Range, Ceiling Height or Volume per cylinder. Medium Medium Medium Very Large Medium
Alternative To Halon 1301 No Yes Yes Yes No
Storage Space Required Low Low Least Low Low

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